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Integrated Circuit

Integrated Circuit info

An integrated circuit or monolithic integrated circuit (also referred to as an IC, a chip, or a microchip) is a set of electronic circuits on one small plate ("chip") of semiconductor material, normally silicon. This can be made much smaller than a discrete circuit made from independent electronic components. ICs can be made very compact, having up to several billion transistors and other electronic components in an area the size of a fingernail. The width of each conducting line in a circuit can be made smaller and smaller as the technology advances; in 2008 it dropped below 100 nanometers, and has now been reduced to tens of nanometers.

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ICs were made possible by experimental discoveries showing that semiconductor devices could perform the functions of vacuum tubes and by mid-20th-century technology advancements in semiconductor device fabrication. The integration of large numbers of tiny transistors into a small chip was an enormous improvement over the manual assembly of circuits using discrete electronic components. Their mass production capability, reliability and building-block approach to circuit design ensured the rapid adoption of standardized integrated circuits in place of designs using discrete transistors.

ICs have two main advantages over discrete circuits: cost and performance. Cost is low because the chips, with all their components, are printed as a unit by photolithography rather than being constructed one transistor at a time. Furthermore, packaged ICs use much less material than discrete circuits. Performance is high because the IC's components switch quickly and consume little power (compared to their discrete counterparts) as a result of the small size and close proximity of the components. As of 2012, typical chip areas range from a few square millimeters to around 450 mm2, with up to 9 million transistors per mm2.

Integrated circuits are used in virtually all electronic equipment today and have revolutionized the world of electronics. Computers, mobile phones, and other digital home appliances are now inextricable parts of the structure of modern societies, made possible by the low cost of integrated circuits.

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About the Product 24C02 - Two-Wire Serial EEPROM is an 8-pin 2048-bit serial EEPROM (el..
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Level shifting chips let you connect 3V and 5V devices together safely. his is in demand especially ..
$2.00
About the Product 74HC00 - NAND Gate is a 14-pin integrated circuit which contains four..
$2.00
About the Product 74HC02 - NOR Gate is a 14-pin interated circuit which contains four N..
$2.00
About the Product 74HC04 - Hex Inverter is a 14-pin hex inverter integrated circuit. ..
$2.00
About the Product 74HC08 - AND Gate is a 14-pin integrated circuit which contains four ..
$2.00
About the Product 74HC138 - 3-to-8 Line Decoder is an 16-pin decoder and demultiplexer ..
$2.00
About the Product 74HC14 - Schmitt Trigger is a 14-pin integrated circuit which contain..
$2.00
About the Product 74HC153 - 4-Input Multiplexer is a 14-pin integrated circuit which co..
$2.00
About the Product 74HC154 - 4 to 16 Line Decoder is a 24-pin 4-input 24-output decoder-..
$3.00
About the Product 74HC164 - Shift Registeris an 14-pin integrated circuit which has 8 b..
$2.00
About the Product 74HC193 - Binary Up/Down Counter is a 14-pin integrated circuit which..
$2.00
About the Product 74HC194 - Bidirectional Shift Register is a 16-pin integrated circuit..
$0.50
About the Product 74HC20 - NAND Gate is a 14-pin integrated circuit which contains two ..
$0.22
About the Product 74HC283 - 4-bit Binary Full Adder With Fast Carry is a 16-pin integra..
$0.45
About the Product 74HC32 - OR Gate is a 14-pin integrated circuit which contains four t..
$0.22
About the Product 74HC393 - Dual 4-bit Binary Ripple Counter is a 14-pin integrated cir..
$0.22
About the Product 74HC595 - 8-Bit Shift Register is a 16-pin integrated circuit which c..
$0.24
About the Product 74HC74 - D-type Flip-Flop is a 14-pin integrated circuit which contai..
$0.22
About the Product 74HC76 - J-K Flip-Flop is a 16-pin integrated circuit which contains ..
$3.00