An industrial robot, as its name implies, is a robot employed in industry. Such robots can be fixed or mobile and can work in construction, manufacturing, packing, and quality control. They can also be used in laboratories.

Among the specific applications for industrial robots are the following:

welding, soldering, drilling, cutting, forging, paint spraying, glass handling,heat treating, loading and unloading, plastic molding, bottling, canning,die casting, fruit picking, inspection, and stamping.

Two engineers, George Devol and Joseph Engelberger, were largely responsible for getting industry executives interested in robotics. Business people were hard to convince at first, but Devol and Engelberger translated things into language the business people understood: profit. The robotization of industry has not been welcomed by everyone.Humans have been displaced by robots in some industries, putting people out of work.However, the judicious use of robots in industry can improve worker safety because the machines can perform tasks that would be dangerous or deadly if done by people.

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